Vol 1, No 1 (2020)


A Message from Editors

Ahmad Tau­fiq and Hadi Nur

Cite this: Nusan­tara Halal J. 2020, Vol. 1 Issue 1 p. i (Edi­to­r­i­al) | Received 20 June 2020 | Pub­lished 21 August 2020 | http://​dx​.doi​.org/​1​0​.​1​7​9​7​7​/​u​m​0​6​0​.​2​0​2​0​v​1pi

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Anticipating Human Resource Development Challenges and Opportunities in ‘Halal Supply Chains’ and ‘Halal Logistics’ within ASEAN

Adam Voak and Bri­an Fair­man

Cite this: Nusan­tara Halal J. 2020, Vol. 1 No. 1 pp. 1–9 (Arti­cle) | Received 24 June 2020 | Revised 1 August 2020 | Accept­ed 2 August 2020 | Pub­lished 21 August 2020 | http://​dx​.doi​.org/​1​0​.​1​7​9​7​7​/​u​m​0​6​0​.​2​0​2​0​v​1​p​0​0​1​-​009

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The increas­ing glob­al eco­nom­ic impor­tance of the Asso­ci­a­tion of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN), is cre­at­ing new cul­tur­al chal­lenges for par­tic­i­pat­ing gov­ern­ments. These chal­lenges are clear­ly impact­ing on Human Mobil­i­ty and Human Capa­bil­i­ty Devel­op­ment with­in the trad­ing bloc. Devel­op­ment chal­lenges are par­tic­u­lar­ly evi­dent in sup­ply chains, where new knowl­edge, skills, and atti­tudes are need­ed to ensure respect for Halal ser­vices and the prove­nance of Halal prod­ucts as they are trad­ed across the region. While reflect­ing on this issue, this paper looks close­ly at the implic­it and explic­it chal­lenges and oppor­tu­ni­ties in build­ing cul­tur­al­ly rel­e­vant ASEAN ‘Human Capa­bil­i­ties’ along increas­ing­ly glob­al­ized sup­ply chains. The dis­cus­sion also aims to explore the myr­i­ad of mat­ters which could poten­tial­ly impact the devel­op­ment and imple­men­ta­tion of a com­pe­ten­cy-based Human Resource Devel­op­ment (HRD) strat­e­gy for ASEAN in and around Halal trad­ing prac­tices. In par­tic­u­lar, it exam­ines how this activ­i­ty could pos­i­tive­ly influ­ence the preser­va­tion of qual­i­ty and enable the build­ing of trust and assur­ance along Halal Sup­ply Chains. The dis­cus­sion also focus­es on the poten­tial deploy­ment of occu­pa­tion­al stan­dards to improve Human Capa­bil­i­ty train­ing inter­ven­tions along Halal Sup­ply Chains, which at their core respect reli­gious beliefs and are con­scious of cul­tur­al sen­si­tiv­i­ties.


Exploring the Issues and Challenges in Malaysian Cosmetic Halal: A Theoretical Framework

Ali­na Sham­sud­din and Farah­wahi­da Mohd Yusof

Cite this: Nusan­tara Halal J. 2020, Vol. 1 No. 1 pp. 10–14 (Arti­cle) | Received 24 June 2020 | Revised 1 August 2020 | Accept­ed 2 August 2020 | Pub­lished 21 August 2020 | http://​dx​.doi​.org/​1​0​.​1​7​9​7​7​/​u​m​0​6​0​.​2​0​2​0​v​1​p​0​1​0​-​014

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Halal Indus­try in Malaysia has been preva­lent in the man­u­fac­tur­ing sec­tors and has earned the gov­ern­men­t’s con­cern in sup­port­ing its devel­op­ment. The Halal Indus­try sec­tor has been con­sid­ered as one of the lead­ing con­trib­u­tors to Malaysian econ­o­my devel­op­ment in the future.  This is due to the fact that the mar­ket of Halal prod­ucts is rea­son­able to Mus­lims and has received per­va­sive atten­tion from non-Mus­lims con­sumers who con­sid­er Halal com­mer­cial­ism.  Halal Indus­tryIn­dus­try has been cat­e­go­rized into sev­en sec­tors, which are cui­sine, goods, finan­cial, phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal, cos­met­ics, logis­tics, and tourism busi­ness­es.  How­ev­er, much atten­tion has been giv­en to issues and chal­lenges to food ser­vices. Con­se­quent­ly, this study aims to address the influ­enc­ing fea­tures of adopt­ing Halal prac­tices among Halalan Toyy­iban Risk Man­age­ment Plan (HTRMP) prac­tices in the cos­met­ic Indus­try. Besides, it adopts the Tech­nol­o­gy Accep­tance Mod­el (TAM) mod­el to describe the influ­enc­ing of adopt­ing fac­tors in cos­met­ic sec­tors in a con­cep­tu­al frame­work.


The Relationship of Halal Food and Ibadah among Muslim Community in Malaysia

Mohd Al’ikhsan Ghaz­a­li, Khair­ul Zahreen Mohd Arof, Juhazren Juhai­di, Amin­udin Hehsan, Muham­mad Fathi Yusof and Nasikh

Cite this: Nusan­tara Halal J. 2020, Vol. 1 No. 1 pp. 15–21 (Arti­cle) | Received 24 June 2020 | Revised 1 August 2020 | Accept­ed 2 August 2020 | Pub­lished 21 August 2020 | http://​dx​.doi​.org/​1​0​.​1​7​9​7​7​/​u​m​0​6​0​.​2​0​2​0​v​1​p​0​1​5​-​0​21/

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Com­mu­ni­ty has put the exclu­sive require­ments for Halal food by plan­ning the rules of man­u­fac­tur­ing prac­tice in par­tic­u­lar known as Islam­ic Man­u­fac­tur­ing Prac­tice (IMP). Many Islam­ic schol­ars men­tioned the impor­tance of Halal food to Mus­lim behav­ior, includ­ing in the prac­tice of both Fard­hu Ain and Far­du Kifayah Ibadah. This paper aims to iden­ti­fy the rela­tion­ship of Halal food and Ibadah between the Mus­lim com­mu­ni­ty in Malaysia. Through a ques­tion­naire sur­vey and sys­tem­at­ic lit­er­a­ture review, this study designed a set of a ques­tion­naire sur­vey that has passed a reli­a­bil­i­ty test through a pilot study on 15 respon­dents with a Cron­bach Alpha val­ue 0.78. The actu­al data col­lec­tion con­sist­ed of 115 respon­dents from a ran­dom sam­ple, which focus­es only on Penin­su­lar Malaysia. The study found that the Mus­lim com­mu­ni­ty in Malaysia is ensur­ing the food intake with a Halal logo from an autho­rised body like JAKIM and Halal food has a weak pos­i­tive rela­tion­ship with Ibadah among the Mus­lim com­mu­ni­ty in Malaysia. Unfor­tu­nate­ly, some of the Mus­lim com­mu­ni­ties in Malaysia have dif­fi­cul­ties in iden­ti­fy­ing the orig­i­nal­i­ty of autho­rised Halal logo. There­fore, this paper sug­gests the autho­rised bod­ies in Halal prod­ucts to make a cam­paign in edu­cat­ing the Malaysian Mus­lim com­mu­ni­ty.


Holistic Practice of Fiqh Al-Muamalat: Halal Accountability of Islamic Microfinance Institutions

Hel­mi Muham­mad

Cite this: Nusan­tara Halal J. 2020, Vol. 1 No. 1 pp. 22–31 (Arti­cle) | Received 1 July 2020 | Revised 4 August 2020 | Accept­ed 6 August 2020 | Pub­lished 21 August 2020 | http://​dx​.doi​.org/​1​0​.​1​7​9​7​7​/​u​m​0​6​0​.​2​0​2​0​v​1​p​0​2​2​-​031

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This study aims to dis­cov­er the prac­tice of fiqh al-mua­malat (Islam­ic law of trans­ac­tion fol­low­ing Islam­ic fiqh) as a sharia-com­pli­ant, pri­mar­i­ly the halal account­abil­i­ty of Islam­ic micro­fi­nance insti­tu­tions Bait­ul Maal wa Tamwil (BMT) UGT Sido­giri Indone­sia. This research used a descrip­tive, explana­to­ry design with a holis­tic sin­gle-case design focus and was con­duct­ed from 2019 to 2020. For the data col­lec­tion process,  in-depth inter­views were con­duct­ed with the infor­mants. The data were ana­lyzed using an inter­ac­tive mod­el con­sist­ing of data reduc­tion, data pre­sen­ta­tion, and con­clu­sion draw­ing. The results exhib­it that Islam­ic sharia, faith (iman), and good deeds (ihsan) act as the foun­da­tion of fiqh al-mua­malat prac­tices. The com­pli­ant toward sharia does not only rep­re­sent the oper­a­tional sys­tem, but it becomes a work­ing cul­ture through wor­ship prac­tices. Besides, this research also dis­cov­ers that the fiqh al-mua­malat was prac­ticed to ful­fill the halal respon­si­bil­i­ty.


Halal Tourism: Between Economic Opportunities and Social Acceptance

Madziat­ul Churiyah, Heri Pratik­to, Fil­ianti and Muham­mad Fikri Akbar

Cite this: Nusan­tara Halal J. 2020, Vol. 1 No. 1 pp. 32–42 (Arti­cle) | Received 28 June 2020 | Revised 1 August 2020 | Accept­ed 2 August 2020 | Pub­lished 21 August 2020 | http://​dx​.doi​.org/​1​0​.​1​7​9​7​7​/​u​m​0​6​0​.​2​0​2​0​v​1​p​0​3​2​-​042

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Halal Tourism trends encounter improve­ment due to the increas­ing num­ber of Mus­lim tourists who trav­el to var­i­ous coun­tries and spend an excep­tion­al amount of funds every year. Halal Tourism pos­i­tive­ly affects coun­tries’ eco­nom­ic growth, includ­ing Indone­sia. GMTI 2019 places Indone­sia as the best Halal Tourism des­ti­na­tion. Con­se­quent­ly, the Indone­sia gov­ern­ment is con­tin­u­ous­ly work­ing on this promis­ing eco­nom­ic oppor­tu­ni­ty by devel­op­ing Halal Tourism des­ti­na­tions in sev­er­al areas. How­ev­er, what has been pro­ject­ed by the Indone­sia gov­ern­ment to grab this glob­al eco­nom­ic oppor­tu­ni­ty faces social rejec­tions. This study aims to ana­lyze the eco­nom­ic oppor­tu­ni­ty of the Halal Tourism trend and the accep­tance from Indonesia’s soci­ety affect­ed by this project devel­op­ment. The lit­er­a­ture analy­sis reveals that Indone­sia soci­ety refus­es the Halal Tourism con­cept due to the low com­pre­hen­sion of the Halal Tourism con­cept. Thus, edu­ca­tion on Halal Tourism should be con­duct­ed, and focused seg­men­ta­tion of Halal Tourism des­ti­na­tion is urgent to be com­plet­ed.

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