Halal Education: Curriculum Management Based on Halal Entrepreneurship at Nahdlatul Ulama University of Sidoarjo
Fatkul Anam and Nurul Istiq’faroh
Cite this: Nusantara Halal J. 2021, Vol. 2 No.2 pp. 46–55 (Article) | Received 18 August 2021 | Revised 13 November 2021 | Accepted 20 December 2021 | Published 28 December 2021 | http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um060.2021v2p046-055
Indonesia is well-known for having the world’s largest Muslim population. As a result, Indonesia has significant halal market potential. After forming the Institute for the Study of Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics in the Indonesian Ulema Council, halal products became more widely known (LPPOM-MUI). Since then, public awareness and demand for Halal products have risen significantly, making Indonesia a lucrative market for halal businesses. In response to the rapid rise of the halal industry, a new curriculum has emerged in education to meet the difficulties of today’s industrial world. Halal entrepreneurship is a newly designed university program. This study was implemented to determine the curriculum management based on halal entrepreneurship at the Nahdlatul Ulama University of Sidoarjo. The result of this study can be reflected in the well-run and methodical planning, execution, and evaluation stages. The curriculum development team incorporates halal entrepreneurship into courses and teaches halal materials in halal food management, halal cosmetics, and halal supply chain management. At the end of each lecture, students participate in curriculum evaluation exercises used to improve the curriculum in the future.
Development of Gelatin from Halal and Alternative Sources: A Review
Farhani Ahmad, Musfirah Azmi, Nurhamieza Md Huzir and Norhidayu Muhamad Zain
Cite this: Nusantara Halal J. 2021, Vol. 2 No.2 pp. 56–62 (Article) | Received 10 September 2021 | Revised 16 November 2021 | Accepted 21 December 2021 | Published 29 December 2021 | http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um060.2021v2p056-062
Gelatin is a common ingredient used in various industrial sectors including food and beverage, cosmetic, pharmaceutical as well as biomedical. Due to inexpensive processing cost and shorter processing time, porcine becomes the main source of gelatin. Thus, the application of this ingredient creates several problems especially issues related to its halal status among Muslim community. The present study aims at reviewing the development of gelatin from halal sources and their potential as alternatives to substitute the sources of non-halal gelatins. The applications of gelatin in food industry and the current issues on halal gelatin have been discussed in detail. The halal source of gelatin required intense study due to prominent demand of it not only in food industry but also in pharmaceutical industry. The development of halal gelatin provides Muslim alternatives and choices to consume gelatin as food and pharmaceutical products and yet complying with Islamic obligations.
Employment Opportunities as Halal Entrepreneur for Halal Science Graduates: UNISSA as Model
Nurdeng Deuraseh, Siti Nora’aini Pg Sufredin
Cite this: Nusantara Halal J. 2021, Vol. 2 No.2 pp. 63–81 (Article) | Received 28 September 2021 | Revised 29 November 2021 | Accepted 22 December 2021 | Published 29 December 2021 | https://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um060.2021v2p063-081
The high unemployment rate among graduates is not a new issue. This issue is of concern in many countries including Brunei Darussalam. Brunei’s Government could not accommodate all the unemployed graduates with governmental job, therefore, as a brilliant and creative graduates, they need to be independent and creative to create job opportunities. So, one of the measures to reduce this problem is by the introduction of Entrepreneurship. The concept of entrepreneurship is not something new in Islam as it can be observed from the history as a noble profession practiced by the Prophet Muhammad and His companions. However, in recent times, scholars of the Islamic economy have introduced a new term, “Halal entrepreneurship” or “Halalpreneurship” to define and differentiate entrepreneurs in the Halal industry from the conventional entrepreneurs. Brunei Darussalam is ideally positioned as a destination for doing business and investment. The aim of this paper is to understand the difference between entrepreneur and Halal entrepreneur. To what extend are there job opportunities for UNISSA Halal Science Graduates as Halal entrepreneur and to explore the importance of Halal entrepreneurship in the development of county and how can it help reduce youth unemployment in Brunei. This research used mainly a qualitative approach which draw from both primary and secondary data. The primary data and information were collected through interviews with local entrepreneurs in different sector with different type of entrepreneurship. The secondary data was collected from the books and articles. The findings of this research were mostly informants agreed that there is the difference between entrepreneur and Halal entrepreneur. The result shows that there are varieties of job opportunities as Halal entrepreneur for UNISSA Graduates of Halal Science such as being a Halal entrepreneur in food sector such as being a Halal food producer. Travel and tourism, cosmetic and agriculture sector also open for Halal science graduates to tap into. Opening modest Muslimah wear, services such as Muslim friendly spa also as an opportunity. Majority of the informants agreed that Halal entrepreneurship is important in the development of county, and it help reduce youth unemployment in Brunei.
Fake: The Rise of Food Fraud in the Halal Supply Chain
Cite this: Nusantara Halal J. 2021, Vol. 2 No.2 pp. 82–88 (Article) | Received 15 September 2021 | Revised 20 November 2021 | Accepted 23 December 2021 | Published 29 December 2021 | http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um060.2021v2p082-088
We live in increasingly challenging economic times, and the concomitant uncertainty associated with this state within the food industry has led to an emergence of unscrupulous suppliers and supply chain actors committing Halal food fraud. As Halal food supply chains become increasingly complex and global and as the sector continues to develop and grow, more significant opportunities arise for unprincipled practice. Further, catering to rising consumption and the resultant increased demand for Halal products and services means consumers in Halal supply chains are particularly vulnerable to fraud, adulteration and unwitting contamination as global demand outstrips supply. Certification and its associated labelling of Halal food products alone will no longer engender complete consumer confidence, particularly as consumers become better acquainted with the rising opportunities for food fraud, false advertising, and misleading conduct. This report is based on recognizing the religious importance of Halal food to Muslims and how food integrity is pivotal in the daily observance of Islamic mores. It examines how vulnerabilities in global supply chains can arise and be exploited to intentionally deceive and unknowingly contaminate food products consumed by devoted Muslims. A vital industry issue of concern to this discussion is the increasing importance of compliance, transparency, and traceability, combined with other risk mitigation approaches needed within Halal food supply chains to ensure product provenance. This review also examines the potential human capability development interventions required to strengthen further supply chain actors’ competence and the consumer awareness needed to provide trust and confidence in the Halal food eco-system.
Halal Business and Sustainability: Synergy of Islamic Business Ethics and Culture
Cite this: Nusantara Halal J. 2021, Vol. 2 No.2 pp. 89–101 (Article) | Received 10 September 2021 | Revised 25 November 2021 | Accepted 23 December 2021 | Published 29 December 2021 | http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um060.2021v2p089-101
This research aims to examine Islamic business ethics and culture in the halal business practice and sustainability in Tirtoyudo traditional market, Malang Regency, Indonesia. This study used a single case study approach with an exploratory descriptive design. The data were collected through an in-depth interview with eleven informants through purposive and snowball sampling. The obtained data were analyzed using an interactive model. To maintain research quality, validity tests, data comparisons, and data verification were carried out using triangulation of data sources, methods, and sources as well as member checks. Triangulation of data sources, methods and member checks were used to maintain research quality. The result showed that the Islamic business ethic and the cultural values run harmoniously in the business practice in Tirtoyudo traditional market, Malang regency, Indonesia, which resulted in ethical and cultural values based on religion. This research also formulated a traditional market business model as a local trademark with universal features, which can be adopted by other traditional markets. The harmony of Islamic business ethics and cultural values in business practice became the key to the sustainability of Titoyudo’s traditional market, which has been running for more than half a century.