Vol 2, No 1 (2021)

Exploring factors of choosing halal cosmetics among cosmetics entrepreneurs in Malaysia

Ali­na Sham­sud­din, Farah­wahi­da Mohd Yusof and Nur Syazwina Uzma Sulaiman

Cite this: Nusan­tara Halal J. 2021, Vol. 2 No.1 pp. 1–5 (Arti­cle) | Received 24 March 2021 | Revised 3 May 2021 | Accept­ed 16 June 2021 | Pub­lished 30 June 2021 | http://​dx​.doi​.org/​1​0​.​1​7​9​7​7​/​u​m​0​6​0​.​2​0​2​1​v​2​p​0​0​1​-​005


Halal cos­met­ics is expand­ing well in the man­u­fac­tur­ing sec­tor. It has gained the government’s atten­tion to sup­port its devel­op­ment. Gen­er­al­ly, the halal indus­try has been divid­ed into sev­en sec­tors which are food ser­vices, con­sumer goods, finan­cial, phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal, cos­met­ics, halal logis­tics, and tourism. This study attempts to address the influ­enc­ing fac­tors for choos­ing halal cos­met­ics among cos­met­ics entre­pre­neurs. The researcher adopts the quan­ti­ta­tive method to gath­er data from the respon­dents. A ran­dom sam­pling tech­nique was used. The find­ings indi­cate that the aware­ness among young halal cos­met­ics entre­pre­neurs is very high and there are high con­sump­tions of halal cos­met­ics among con­sumers that have become the push fac­tor of young cos­met­ic entre­pre­neurs to choose halal cos­met­ics as their products.

Technology Facilitation Assessment for Malaysia Halal Quality Assurance for Food and Beverages, Consumer Goods, Logistics, and Cosmetics Industry

Zuhra Junai­da Mohamad Hus­ny Hamid, Mohd Iskan­dar Illyas and Farah­wahi­da Mohd Yusof

Cite this: Nusan­tara Halal J. 2021, Vol. 2 No.1 pp. 1–5 (Arti­cle) | Received 1 March 2021 | Revised 6 May 2021 | Accept­ed 20 June 2021 | Pub­lished 30 June 2021 | http://​dx​.doi​.org/​1​0​.​1​7​9​7​7​/​u​m​0​6​0​.​2​0​2​1​v​2​p​0​0​6​-​015


This study aimed to iden­ti­fy the appro­pri­ate char­ac­ter­is­tics of assis­tive tech­nol­o­gy to facil­i­tate the qual­i­ty con­trol process in halal indus­try seg­ments, name­ly, food and bev­er­ages, con­sumer goods, logis­tics, and cos­met­ics. For this pur­pose, four sep­a­rate research projects were con­duct­ed to cov­er these four dif­fer­ent indus­try seg­ments. This paper com­bined the find­ings and pro­vid­ed a com­pi­la­tion of all the results.  Ques­tion­naire sur­veys were dis­trib­uted dur­ing the 13th Malaysian Inter­na­tion­al Halal Show­case (MIHAS 2016) as the pilot study. Main data col­lec­tion was done on the indus­try in Johor in the south­ern part of Malaysia. The sev­en ele­ments of tech­nol­o­gy char­ac­ter­is­tics select­ed for this study are speed, con­ve­nience, inte­gra­tion, auto-report, cus­tomiz­able, cost, and data acces­si­bil­i­ty. Find­ings of this study show that each indus­try seg­ments have dif­fer­ent tech­nol­o­gy char­ac­ter­is­tics pref­er­ence. Nev­er­the­less, the major­i­ty of respon­dents agreed that tech­no­log­i­cal assis­tance in halal qual­i­ty con­trol is vital in help­ing com­pa­nies to ensure the halal integri­ty of their prod­ucts and services.

Sharia compliance as the potential factor for halal tourism destination development

Shofiyun Nahid­loh and Lailat­ul Qadariyah

Cite this: Nusan­tara Halal J. 2021, Vol. 2 No.1 pp. 16–23 (Arti­cle) | Received 4 March 2021 | Revised 7 May 2021 | Accept­ed 12 June 2021 | Pub­lished 30 June 2021 | http://​dx​.doi​.org/​1​0​.​1​7​9​7​7​/​u​m​0​6​0​.​2​0​2​1​v​2​p​0​1​6​-​023


The sub­stan­tial poten­tial of Indone­sian halal tourism expan­sion has obtained soci­ety’s imme­di­ate atten­tion. It is reflect­ed in Indone­sian Mus­lim major­i­ty soci­ety’s reli­gious enthu­si­asm, poten­tial­ly appeal­ing halal tourism des­ti­na­tion resources, and the eco­nom­ic poten­tial to enhance social wel­fare. Recent­ly, soci­ety has put tourism as one of their needs, not as their leisure activ­i­ty. Many tourists in Indone­sia have been declared as halal tourism sites. How­ev­er, many peo­ple per­ceive halal tourism as a mere trend and brand adopt­ed due to the halal sub­stan­tial, like hotels and restau­rants. There­fore, a sharia prin­ci­ple is crit­i­cal­ly required to be the fun­da­men­tal or guide­line for the halal con­cept imple­men­ta­tion. The halal con­cept can be suc­cess­ful­ly imple­ment­ed if sharia com­pli­ance has expand­ed. Besides, the estab­lish­ment of halal tourism should also fol­low the sharia prin­ci­ples to ensure the adop­tion of sharia val­ues due to the con­sid­er­able num­ber of tourists. Sharia com­pli­ance becomes one of the Mus­lim iden­ti­ties, as shown from the role of the Mus­lim cler­ics on the sci­en­tif­ic forum and research that artic­u­late halal tourism estab­lish­ment car­ries excel­lent oppor­tu­ni­ty to improve soci­ety’s econ­o­my and well-being. There­fore, social com­pli­ance is the potent fac­tor to be con­sis­tent­ly cul­ti­vat­ed through Indone­sian halal tourism potential.

Tilapia fish collagen: Potential as halal biomaterial in tissue engineering applications

Norhi­dayu Muhamad Zain and Moham­mad Naqib Hamdan

Cite this: Nusan­tara Halal J. 2021, Vol. 2 No.1 pp. 24–32 (Arti­cle) | Received 15 March 2021 | Revised 20 May 2021 | Accept­ed 22 June 2021 | Pub­lished 30 June 2021 | http://​dx​.doi​.org/​1​0​.​1​7​9​7​7​/​u​m​0​6​0​.​2​0​2​1​v​2​p​0​2​4​-​032


Col­la­gen is a nat­ur­al bioac­tive poly­mer wide­ly uti­lized in tis­sue engi­neer­ing appli­ca­tions due to its bio­com­pat­i­bil­i­ty and biodegrad­abil­i­ty. Col­la­gen derived from mam­malian sources such as porcine and bovine is com­mon­ly used as bio­ma­te­ri­als. How­ev­er, due to reli­gious con­cerns, the halal sta­tus of col­la­gen must be put into con­sid­er­a­tion. Since most of the mam­malian col­la­gen is ham­pered by its haram ori­gins, marine col­la­gens are wide­ly inves­ti­gat­ed as alter­na­tives for mam­malian col­la­gen in tis­sue engi­neer­ing appli­ca­tions. Even though the marine col­la­gens are safe and easy to extract, these sources of col­la­gen are hin­dered by their low dena­tur­ing tem­per­a­ture. Tilapia fish (Ore­ochromis niloti­cus) has long been stud­ied for its poten­tial to sub­sti­tute mam­malian col­la­gen for bio­med­ical pur­pos­es due to its high­er ther­mal sta­bil­i­ty com­pared to oth­er marine sources. We here­in review the poten­cy of tilapia col­la­gen as a bio­ma­te­r­i­al for tis­sue engi­neer­ing appli­ca­tions. In this review paper, we main­ly focus on the appli­ca­tion of tilapia col­la­gen in the skin, bone/​dentin, neur­al and corneal tis­sue engineering.

Mapping Out Halal Certification in Indonesia and Malaysia: Challenges, Opportunities, and Comparative Advantage

Achmad Tohe, Kholisin Kholisin, Moch Wahib Dariya­di, Nori­tah Omar

Cite this: Nusan­tara Halal J. 2021, Vol. 2 No.1 pp. 33–45 (Arti­cle) | Received 24 Feb­ru­ary 2021 | Revised 2 May 2021 | Accept­ed 10 June 2021 | Pub­lished 30 June 2021 | http://​dx​.doi​.org/​1​0​.​1​7​9​7​7​/​u​m​0​6​0​.​2​0​2​1​v​2​p​0​3​3​-​045


This study sought to map out the insti­tu­tions and process­es of halal cer­ti­fi­ca­tion in Indone­sia and Malaysia by inves­ti­gat­ing the his­to­ry, pro­ce­dures, chal­lenges, and oppor­tu­ni­ties. Data were gath­ered through inter­views with those work­ing in halal cer­ti­fy­ing relat­ed insti­tu­tions, such as MUI and BPJPH in Indone­sia, and JAKIM in Malaysia, in addi­tion to sev­er­al halal audi­tors from uni­ver­si­ties in both coun­tries. A close read­ing of pri­ma­ry doc­u­ments issued by halal cer­ti­fi­ca­tion insti­tu­tions and sec­ondary doc­u­ments, aca­d­e­m­ic arti­cles, and online resources was con­duct­ed to bet­ter under­stand the issues at hand. The results sug­gest that while his­tor­i­cal­ly halal cer­ti­fi­ca­tion in Indone­sia and Malaysia came from two dif­fer­ent tra­jec­to­ries, the two final­ly con­verged in acknowl­edg­ing the impor­tant role of the state and gov­ern­ment in terms of Mus­lim con­sumer pro­tec­tion in rela­tion to their halal needs. Nonethe­less, their dif­fer­ing evo­lu­tion­ary paths, which was part­ly the func­tion of the rel­a­tive sta­tus of Islam in both, had even­tu­al­ly shaped the char­ac­ter of their halal cer­ti­fi­ca­tion. Orig­i­nat­ing from an organ­ic civ­il soci­ety move­ment, halal cer­ti­fi­ca­tion in Indone­sia tra­versed through a more sta­ble and cul­tur­al­ly con­sol­i­dat­ed process, while in Malaysia, it took the polit­i­cal high­way with its atten­dant ups and downs. If Indone­sia man­aged to cre­ate “umbrel­la halal law” over­see­ing oth­er less­er pro­vi­sions, Malaysia had to accept the fact that fed­er­a­tion had some imprint on its vast array of dis­pers­ing halal pro­vi­sions, if often com­pen­sat­ed with some mend­ing for improve­ment. Final­ly, the char­ac­ter and size of the pop­u­la­tion of each con­tributed to mak­ing Indone­sia be more inward-look­ing and Malaysia out­ward-look­ing in their halal cer­ti­fi­ca­tion management.