Exploring factors of choosing halal cosmetics among cosmetics entrepreneurs in Malaysia
Alina Shamsuddin, Farahwahida Mohd Yusof and Nur Syazwina Uzma Sulaiman
Cite this: Nusantara Halal J. 2021, Vol. 2 No.1 pp. 1–5 (Article) | Received 24 March 2021 | Revised 3 May 2021 | Accepted 16 June 2021 | Published 30 June 2021 | http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um060.2021v2p001-005
Halal cosmetics is expanding well in the manufacturing sector. It has gained the government’s attention to support its development. Generally, the halal industry has been divided into seven sectors which are food services, consumer goods, financial, pharmaceutical, cosmetics, halal logistics, and tourism. This study attempts to address the influencing factors for choosing halal cosmetics among cosmetics entrepreneurs. The researcher adopts the quantitative method to gather data from the respondents. A random sampling technique was used. The findings indicate that the awareness among young halal cosmetics entrepreneurs is very high and there are high consumptions of halal cosmetics among consumers that have become the push factor of young cosmetic entrepreneurs to choose halal cosmetics as their products.
Technology Facilitation Assessment for Malaysia Halal Quality Assurance for Food and Beverages, Consumer Goods, Logistics, and Cosmetics Industry
Zuhra Junaida Mohamad Husny Hamid, Mohd Iskandar Illyas and Farahwahida Mohd Yusof
Cite this: Nusantara Halal J. 2021, Vol. 2 No.1 pp. 1–5 (Article) | Received 1 March 2021 | Revised 6 May 2021 | Accepted 20 June 2021 | Published 30 June 2021 | http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um060.2021v2p006-015
This study aimed to identify the appropriate characteristics of assistive technology to facilitate the quality control process in halal industry segments, namely, food and beverages, consumer goods, logistics, and cosmetics. For this purpose, four separate research projects were conducted to cover these four different industry segments. This paper combined the findings and provided a compilation of all the results. Questionnaire surveys were distributed during the 13th Malaysian International Halal Showcase (MIHAS 2016) as the pilot study. Main data collection was done on the industry in Johor in the southern part of Malaysia. The seven elements of technology characteristics selected for this study are speed, convenience, integration, auto-report, customizable, cost, and data accessibility. Findings of this study show that each industry segments have different technology characteristics preference. Nevertheless, the majority of respondents agreed that technological assistance in halal quality control is vital in helping companies to ensure the halal integrity of their products and services.
Sharia compliance as the potential factor for halal tourism destination development
Shofiyun Nahidloh and Lailatul Qadariyah
Cite this: Nusantara Halal J. 2021, Vol. 2 No.1 pp. 16–23 (Article) | Received 4 March 2021 | Revised 7 May 2021 | Accepted 12 June 2021 | Published 30 June 2021 | http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um060.2021v2p016-023
The substantial potential of Indonesian halal tourism expansion has obtained society’s immediate attention. It is reflected in Indonesian Muslim majority society’s religious enthusiasm, potentially appealing halal tourism destination resources, and the economic potential to enhance social welfare. Recently, society has put tourism as one of their needs, not as their leisure activity. Many tourists in Indonesia have been declared as halal tourism sites. However, many people perceive halal tourism as a mere trend and brand adopted due to the halal substantial, like hotels and restaurants. Therefore, a sharia principle is critically required to be the fundamental or guideline for the halal concept implementation. The halal concept can be successfully implemented if sharia compliance has expanded. Besides, the establishment of halal tourism should also follow the sharia principles to ensure the adoption of sharia values due to the considerable number of tourists. Sharia compliance becomes one of the Muslim identities, as shown from the role of the Muslim clerics on the scientific forum and research that articulate halal tourism establishment carries excellent opportunity to improve society’s economy and well-being. Therefore, social compliance is the potent factor to be consistently cultivated through Indonesian halal tourism potential.
Tilapia fish collagen: Potential as halal biomaterial in tissue engineering applications
Norhidayu Muhamad Zain and Mohammad Naqib Hamdan
Cite this: Nusantara Halal J. 2021, Vol. 2 No.1 pp. 24–32 (Article) | Received 15 March 2021 | Revised 20 May 2021 | Accepted 22 June 2021 | Published 30 June 2021 | http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um060.2021v2p024-032
Collagen is a natural bioactive polymer widely utilized in tissue engineering applications due to its biocompatibility and biodegradability. Collagen derived from mammalian sources such as porcine and bovine is commonly used as biomaterials. However, due to religious concerns, the halal status of collagen must be put into consideration. Since most of the mammalian collagen is hampered by its haram origins, marine collagens are widely investigated as alternatives for mammalian collagen in tissue engineering applications. Even though the marine collagens are safe and easy to extract, these sources of collagen are hindered by their low denaturing temperature. Tilapia fish (Oreochromis niloticus) has long been studied for its potential to substitute mammalian collagen for biomedical purposes due to its higher thermal stability compared to other marine sources. We herein review the potency of tilapia collagen as a biomaterial for tissue engineering applications. In this review paper, we mainly focus on the application of tilapia collagen in the skin, bone/dentin, neural and corneal tissue engineering.
Mapping Out Halal Certification in Indonesia and Malaysia: Challenges, Opportunities, and Comparative Advantage
Achmad Tohe, Kholisin Kholisin, Moch Wahib Dariyadi, Noritah Omar
Cite this: Nusantara Halal J. 2021, Vol. 2 No.1 pp. 33–45 (Article) | Received 24 February 2021 | Revised 2 May 2021 | Accepted 10 June 2021 | Published 30 June 2021 | http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um060.2021v2p033-045
This study sought to map out the institutions and processes of halal certification in Indonesia and Malaysia by investigating the history, procedures, challenges, and opportunities. Data were gathered through interviews with those working in halal certifying related institutions, such as MUI and BPJPH in Indonesia, and JAKIM in Malaysia, in addition to several halal auditors from universities in both countries. A close reading of primary documents issued by halal certification institutions and secondary documents, academic articles, and online resources was conducted to better understand the issues at hand. The results suggest that while historically halal certification in Indonesia and Malaysia came from two different trajectories, the two finally converged in acknowledging the important role of the state and government in terms of Muslim consumer protection in relation to their halal needs. Nonetheless, their differing evolutionary paths, which was partly the function of the relative status of Islam in both, had eventually shaped the character of their halal certification. Originating from an organic civil society movement, halal certification in Indonesia traversed through a more stable and culturally consolidated process, while in Malaysia, it took the political highway with its attendant ups and downs. If Indonesia managed to create “umbrella halal law” overseeing other lesser provisions, Malaysia had to accept the fact that federation had some imprint on its vast array of dispersing halal provisions, if often compensated with some mending for improvement. Finally, the character and size of the population of each contributed to making Indonesia be more inward-looking and Malaysia outward-looking in their halal certification management.
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